red birch: (heart wood from yellow birch tree)
LATIN NAME: Betula alleghaniensis
OTHER COMMON NAMES: golden birch
Janka Hardness Value: 1260
American yellow birch trees are generally not too large in this pioneer species that can be overgrown by climax species, such as maple. Definitely a northern, cold climate tree, yellow birch is medium sized with a medium diameter although larger trees can grow infrequently. Yellow birch should not be confused with paper birch, which is softer in texture and lighter in colour with scattered brown flecks.